文章摘要
葛缨,何华敏,夏文芬.大学生手机依赖与人格特质的关系研究[J].重庆高教研究,2013,1(5):46-51.
大学生手机依赖与人格特质的关系研究
Study on the Relationship between Mobile Phone Reliance and Personality Traits for College Students
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 大学生;手机依赖;人格特质
英文关键词: college students; mobile phone reliance; personality traits
基金项目:基金项目
作者单位
葛缨 重庆文理学院教育学院中地共建认知与心理健康实验室, 重庆永川402160 
何华敏 重庆文理学院教育学院中地共建认知与心理健康实验室, 重庆永川402160 
夏文芬 重庆文理学院教育学院中地共建认知与心理健康实验室, 重庆永川402160 
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中文摘要:
      采用自编大学生手机依赖问卷(MPRQ)和艾森克人格问卷(EPQ)对863名大学生进行调查,探讨大学生手机依赖与人格特质之间的关系,结果发现:⑴手机依赖问卷包括事实行为、行为倾向、认知、情绪和意志五个维度。⑵是否为学生干部和使用手机时间分别在手机依赖上差异显著。⑶被试在内外向、精神质上得分高于全国常模,在神经质上与常模持平,在掩饰性上低于常模;不同性别及是否独生子女在人格特征上差异显著;是否学生干部在精神质上有显著差异;使用手机时间在内外向上差异极其显著。⑷手机依赖与人格特质存在相关性。⑸人格特质对手机依赖有回归效应。这说明不同身份(学生干部/非学生干部)与不同手机使用时间的大学生在手机依赖上存在差异,不同类型(不同性别、是否独生子女、是否学生干部、不同手机使用时间)被试有不同人格特质;大学生手机依赖与人格特质之间存在密切关系,人格特质的神经质、精神质对手机依赖有正向预测作用,掩饰性对手机依赖有负向预测作用。
英文摘要:
      Abstract:The relationship between mobile phone reliance and personality traits for college students was explored in the paper. 863 college students completed self-made Mobile Phone Reliance Questionnaire for College Students and EPQ. Here are the results. (1)the self-made questionnaire was divided into 5 dimensions: real action, behavior tendency, cognition, emotion and will. (2)There were significant differences of total score of MPRQ among serving student leaders or not and time-using of mobile phone. (3)The subjects’ scores of introversion, extroversion and psychoticism were higher than the national norm. Comparing with the norm, the scores of neuroticism remained basically the same, but the scores of lie were lower. The personality traits had significant difference in gender and one-child or not. Student leaders differed significantly from non-student leaders in psychoticism. There were extremely significant difference in introversion and extroversion depending on different time-using of mobile phone; (4)Mobile phone reliance was related to personality traits. (5)Regression analysis showed that personality traits could predict the MPRQ scores. Here are the conclusions. There were significant differences of mobile phone reliance among college students from different identity and time-using of mobile phone. Different subjects had various personality traits. There was a close relation between mobile phone reliance and personality traits for college students. Neuroticism and psychoticism had positive prediction to the mobile phone reliance, but lie can predict negatively the mobile phone reliance.
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