文章摘要
宇文彩,张星.美国高校科研不端行为防范与处理机制研究[J].重庆高教研究,2016,4(5):32-37.
美国高校科研不端行为防范与处理机制研究
Research on the Prevention and Treatment Mechanism of Scientific Research Misconduct in American Colleges and Universities
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 美国高校;科研不端;防范体系;治理机制
英文关键词: American colleges and universities; scientific research misconduct; prevention system; governance mechanism
基金项目:河北省社会科学基金一般项目“西方国家学术治理制度研究——从历史演进和实践变革的视角”(HB15JY046)
作者单位
宇文彩 河北师范大学教育学院, 河北石家庄050024 
张星 河北师范大学教育学院, 河北石家庄050024 
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中文摘要:
      美国高校在科研不端行为治理方面拥有一个较为完备的防范体系。该体系由联邦政府负责统筹、引领,非政府组织与之配合形成补充机制;高校则在政府部门和学术团体的合力监管下,通过制定事前预防与事后严惩并重的防治措施,以及保护各方权益的法规政策和严密的调查处理程序,形成完备的科研不端行为治理体系。以美国为鉴,可为我国构建一个有法可依、有序可循的大学科研不端行为防范体系提供操作性建议。
英文摘要:
      American colleges and universities have a relatively complete preventive system on the treatment of scientific misconduct. In the system, the federal government is responsible for coordinating and leading, and the nongovernmental organizations cooperate with it forming complementary mechanism, under the supervision of government departments and academic groups, the university by making prevention in advance and ex-post penalty of the events, as well as the regulatory policies for protecting the rights and interests of the parties, and strict investigation and treatment procedures, thus form their own research misconduct preventive system. With the reference of the United States, China can get some operational advices to construct a preventive system with legal basis and ordered rules on scientific research misconduct in university.
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