文章摘要
王丹,张雪娇.日本科研不端行为治理体系探析[J].重庆高教研究,2016,4(5):38-44.
日本科研不端行为治理体系探析
Analysis on the Governance System of Research Misconduct in Japan
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 日本;科研不端行为;治理体系
英文关键词: Japan; research misconduct; governance system
基金项目:河北省社会科学基金一般项目“西方国家学术治理制度研究——从历史演进和实践变革的视角”(HB15JY046)
作者单位
王丹 河北师范大学教育学院, 河北石家庄050024 
张雪娇 河北师范大学教育学院, 河北石家庄050024 
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中文摘要:
      为规范学术研究行为,维护学术界声誉,构建良好的学术秩序,以文部科学省为首的日本各学术主体纷纷出台了治理科研不端的行为指南,形成了以规范性与专业性、可操作性与透明性、严厉性与保护性、教育性与预防性为特色的治理体系。尽管该体系还存在着耗时长、滞后性和欠缺强制性的漏洞,但日本已从颁布普适政策、完善人才聘用机制、建立全国主管机构、改革期刊评审系统4个方面来进一步完善科研不端行为治理体系。我国应积极汲取日本科研不端行为治理体系的理性架构,认真贯彻“依法治国”精神,完善我国法律法规建设;积极践行信息公开制度要求,建立信息公开机制;坚持以人为本的治理理念,健全举报人保护机制;提升科研工作者的学术素养,开展科研道德教育培训。
英文摘要:
      In order to regulate the behavior of academic research, maintain the academic reputation, and build a good academic order, leading by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, the main academic organizations have introduced the guide to govern the research misconduct, and the governance system has been formed with the characteristics of regulation and profession, operability and transparency, severity and protection, education and prevention. Although some problems still exist such as long time-consuming, lagging and lack of mandatory, Japan has improved the governance system of research misconduct from the four aspects, enacting universal policy, improving the person employment mechanism, establishing national authorities and reforming periodical review system. China should actively learn from the rational architecture of Japanese research misconduct governance system, earnestly implement the “rule of law” spirit, improve the legal construction of China; actively practice information disclosure system requirements, and establish the information disclosure mechanism; adhere to the people-oriented concept, and improve whistleblower protection mechanisms; promote the academic quality of researchers, and carry out research ethics education and training.
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