文章摘要
陈恒敏.我国高校自主招生中的社会公平问题研究[J].重庆高教研究,2016,4(5):53-58.
我国高校自主招生中的社会公平问题研究
Research on the Equity of Universities’ Independent Recruitment
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 高校;自主招生;社会公平;政策
英文关键词: universities; independent recruitment; social equity; policies
基金项目:基金项目
作者单位
陈恒敏 厦门大学教育研究院, 福建厦门361005 
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中文摘要:
      自主招生在高校人才选拔的过程中容易产生以下社会公平问题:考试形式及内容设计不科学,特长生选拔突出中产阶级及城市化特征易引致阶层公平问题;法制建设不完善、监管不力、行为失范易导致道德公平问题;考生经济负担的加重和高校选才成本的增加易导致经济公平问题;社会舆论过分关注则易导致“不公平引导”问题。社会公平问题的存在会损害高校自主招生的选才质量,并引发社会稳定等诸多关联问题,长远来看对全民族文化素质的提高也有重大隐患。因此,需要从大力推动基础教育均衡发展,构建公平基础,着眼于考生全体,推动自主招生考试命题的科学化、规范化,以多种形式支持农村地区考生参与自主招生,加强顶层设计,依法规范自主招生等几个方面,规避并解决高校自主招生中的社会公平问题。
英文摘要:
      Independent recruitment probably intends to cause the following questions during the talents-selection: the unequal design, discriminated content of examination, test tendency of urbanization-oriented as well as the biased specialty will probably emerge some class-oriented equity issues, the relatively poor law-system construction and the shortage of legal regulations as well as unmoral behavior could bring out moral equity issues, the increasingly heavy burden of participant students as well as the economic cost of the higher education institutions pose heavy economic issues, the misleading information and competitive game on resources of students cause the misleading media agenda setting issues. The social equity issues as mentioned above will harmfully damage the quality of talents-selection, also, it will seriously damage the quality of whole nation. In order to avoid the above questions, we should promote the equilibrium development of fundamental education, motivate the active participation of rural region students, promote the socialization and normalization of the recruitment feasibly and regulate the procedures of independent recruitment.
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