文章摘要
段肖阳.马来西亚中等与高等教育衔接的入学考试制度研究[J].重庆高教研究,2016,4(5):115-121.
马来西亚中等与高等教育衔接的入学考试制度研究
Research of Entrance Exam System for the Transition from Secondary Education to High Education in Malaysia
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 马来西亚;考试制度;配额制;中高衔接;高等教育;精英制
英文关键词: Malaysia; entrance exam system; ethnic quota system; the transition from secondary education to high education; higher education; meritocracy system
基金项目:陕西省社会科学基金项目“高等教育治理范式变革与机制创新研究”(2015N009)
作者单位
段肖阳 陕西师范大学教育学院, 陕西西安710062 
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中文摘要:
      马来西亚作为多民族国家,在促进高等教育入学机会均等方面的探索值得其他国家学习和借鉴。其高等教育入学考试制度从配额制到精英制的改革,力促实现高等教育入学机会均等。学生在马来西亚获得高等教育的途径也是多样化的,且录取标准灵活。马来西亚高等教育的选择机制实行资格证书制,但过于强调学生的考试成绩也对该国的教育和经济等造成了一些负面影响。
英文摘要:
      As a multiethnic country, the exploration of pursuing the equality for higher education entrance in Malaysia is worth for other countries to learn and borrow from their experiences. The reform of its higher education entrance exam system from ethnic quota system to the meritocracy system attempts to achieve the equality of higher education entrance. There are a variety of access for students to gain higher education with flexible admission criteria. The selection mechanism in Malaysia is mainly based on the qualification certificate. However, overwhelming emphasis on students’ examination performance also leads to some negative influence on the education, economy, etc.
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